How Well Do You Know Your Summer Trivia?

Can you score 100% on the University of California Berkeley’s Summer Savvy Trivia Challenge?  Let’s see how you do!  You may choose one or more responses for each if needed.
1.       Which of the following foods/beverages can help cool you off?
  1. Hot tea
  2. Ginger
  3. Chili peppers
  4. Cold water
2.       Which of the following is the leasteffective low-tech way to keep mosquitoes away in your backyard?
  1. Sit near an electric fan
  2. Burn a citronella candle
  3. Replace porch and deck lights with yellow bug lights
  4. Eliminate standing water
3.       How do you safely remove a tick?
  1. Hold a match to it
  2. Coat it with petroleum jelly
  3. Pull it straight out with tweezers
  4. Twist it out with tweezers 
4.       A “broad spectrum” sunscreen protects against which of the following?
  1. UVA rays only
  2. UVB rays only
  3. Both UVA and UVB
  4. Infrared rays
5.       After applying sun screen, how long should you wait before going out in the sun?
  1. 5-10 minutes
  2. 15-30 minutes
  3. 45 minutes
  4. You don’t need to wait at all
ANSWERS: 
1.       ALL:  Have you ever started sweating after you drank hot tea, or after eating ginger or chili peppers?  Sweating is the body’s natural reaction to excess heat, even in the mouth.  Even though it seems backwards, foods that cause you to sweat will cool your skin and lower body temperature when the sweat evaporates.  A cold beverage is a better choice in humid locations where sweat does not evaporate as quickly.
2.       B:  Candles containing citronella, an essential oil derived from a geranium species, seems to be effective only when a person’s skin is in the smoky plume of the candle.  Since mosquitoes are slow, weak flyers, an opportunity to feed on you when an oscillating fan is nearby might not be possible.  Outfitting your house with yellow outdoor lights instead of white and keeping your yard free of standing water will also help to keep those pesky critters at bay.
3.        C:  Using fine tipped tweezers, gently pull the tick straight up until it releases the skin.  Covering the insect with petroleum jelly and holding a match to it are not effective methods.  Pulling the tick straight out ensures the mouth parts remain intact and lessen the chances of infection.  Ticks are commonly found at higher elevations in grassy fields, woodlands, and shrublands.  Here, Colorado tick fever is the most common disease (only 200 reported cases per year) given to us by ticks in our area.  No human cases of Lyme disease have originated in Colorado.   Read more about ticks and tick-borne diseases from Colorado State University.
4.        C:  When shopping for sunscreen, choose a “broad spectrum” lotion which is designed to protect against both UVA (causes skin wrinkling and age spots) and UVB (burns your skin).  Coloradans must be extra cautious when enjoying outdoor activities.  Due to the elevation, skin cancer here is a larger concern.  After a season of summer sunshine, skin professionals at 9Health Fair can help you at a fair this fall by answering any questions you have and reviewing anything suspicious looking.  Beginning in August, watch our website for a location near you that offers a free skin screening. 

5.        B or D:  It all depends on the ingredients of the sun screen.  If your lotion contains titanium dioxide or zinc oxide, they physically block the sun’s UV rays and are effective right away.  If the lotion has avobenzone or octisalate, these can take 15-30 minutes to soak into the skin and begin working chemically.  Regardless of which one you have, reapply it at least every two hours or more if swimming or sweating.  Even waterproof sun screens need reapplication after 40 or 80 minutes according to the directions.  Click HERE for more sunscreen facts!